A review of the 12th amendment

Shortly after the committee was formed, Federalist Benjamin Huger attempted to add a provision regarding district elections to the proposed amendment, but the committee ignored him. The Vice President, unlike the President, was not required to receive votes from a majority of the electors.

The Constitution also provided that the House would choose in case of a tie vote between two candidates each of whom had received a majority of votes. But neither the United States nor any State shall assume or pay any debt or obligation incurred in aid of insurrection or rebellion against the United States, or any claim for the loss or emancipation of any slave; but all such debts, obligations and claims shall be held illegal and void.

No State shall make or enforce any law which shall abridge the privileges or immunities of citizens of the United States; nor shall any State deprive any person of life, liberty, or property, without due process of law; nor deny to any person within its jurisdiction the equal protection of the laws.

Debate on the amendments began in May.

Twelfth Amendment to the United States Constitution

The answer is quite simple: The election of and all subsequent elections were carried out under the terms of the Twelfth Amendment. The original Constitution provided that the failure of any candidate to achieve a majority would require the House to choose as president one of the five top-ranking candidates, with the person coming in second to serve as vice-president unless there was tie for second place, in which case the Senate would choose between them.

On October 20, the House appointed a seventeen-member committee one Representative from each state to fine-tune the amendment. William Cocke of Tennessee took a different approach when he argued that the entire small state argument of the Federalists was simply out of self-interest.

Smith of South Carolina responded to the result by presenting a resolution on the floor of the House of Representatives for an amendment to the Constitution requiring each elector to cast one vote for President and another for Vice President. Designation, argued Griswold and Huger, would violate the spirit of the Constitution by taking away a check on the power of the large states.

And if the House of Representatives shall not choose a President whenever the right of choice shall devolve upon them, before the fourth day of March next following, then the Vice-President shall act as President, as in the case of the death or other constitutional disability of the President The person having the greatest number of votes as Vice-President, shall be the Vice-President, if such number be a majority of the whole number of Electors appointed, and if no person have a majority, then from the two highest numbers on the list, the Senate shall choose the Vice-President; a quorum for the purpose shall consist of two-thirds of the whole number of Senators, and a majority of the whole number shall be necessary to a choice.

Their aim was to prevent Jefferson, who in addition to being pro-French was influential and rich in new visions, from becoming President at any cost. Republican DeWitt Clinton expected that the Senate, with a Republican majority would quickly passing the amendment. John Garwood and W.

Eleventh Amendment to the United States Constitution

This solution significantly enhanced the likelihood of having political allies serving as President and Vice President, but raised a different flaw in the arrangements. The President of the Senate shall, in the presence of the Senate and House of Representatives, open all the certificates and the votes shall then be counted.

This was not the case before the 20th century, when political conventions often exercised real choice in picking both candidates. Among other things, this guaranteed, in effect, that there would always be a vice president, who could presumably take the reins of the presidency should the House be hopelessly divided among the top three candidates for the presidency.

The Federalist Party electors figured out that it was important not to cast both of their votes for Adams and Pinckney, for that would create a tie and, if both got a majority of the vote, throw the election into the House; the Democratic-Republican electors were not so sagacious.The Eleventh Amendment (Amendment XI) to the United States Constitution, which was passed by Congress on March 4,and ratified by the states on February 7,deals with each state's sovereign immunity and was adopted to overrule the U.S.

Supreme Court's decision in Chisholm v. Sep 30,  · The movie hinges on the 13th Amendment, as the title indicates, in ways that may be surprising, though less so for those familiar with Michelle Alexander’s best.

Sep 05,  · 12th amendment choosing the president, vice president constitution's twelfth amendment creating the electoral 12th amendmentunited states constitution what. Amendment 12 - Choosing the President, Vice-President >.

The Electors shall meet in their respective states, and vote by ballot for President and Vice-President, one of whom, at least, shall not be an inhabitant of the same state with themselves; they shall name in their ballots the person voted for as President, and.

Twelfth Amendment

Sep 30,  · The movie hinges on the 13th Amendment, as the title indicates, in ways that may be surprising, though less so for those familiar with Michelle Alexander’s best seller, “The New Jim Crow. The 12th Amendment changed a portion of Article II, Section 1.

A portion of the 12th Amendment was changed by the 20th Amendment. The 20th amendment changed the dates that presidential terms and Congressional sessions started.

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A review of the 12th amendment
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