In this volume, the authors plead for a revival of the pragmatist tradition in moral philosophy because it is Philosophy of technology fit to deal with a number of moral issues in technology. However, the spectrum of technological applications in the biological domain is simply too diverse.
This is the case because general moral standards, concepts and methods are often not specific enough to be applicable in any direct sense to specific moral problems. This task requires a clear view on the extent and scope of technology.
Still, the question can be asked whether the social demand is best met by establishing new fields of applied ethics. There is also a range of other approaches aimed at including values in design. More recently, nanotechnology and so-called converging technologies have led to the establishment of what is Philosophy of technology nanoethics Allhoff et al.
This conceptual connection between technological artifacts, functions and goals makes it hard to maintain that technology is value-neutral. More traditional fields like architecture and urban planning have also attracted specific ethical attention Fox It may seem that we use functions to classify artifacts: Jacob Bigelow, an early author on technology, conceived of it as a specific domain of knowledge: Is there a kind of knowledge that is specific to engineering?
It is equally problematic whether a unified account of the notion of function as such is possible, but this issue has received considerably more philosophical attention. When engineering design is conceived as a process of decision making, governed by considerations of practical rationality, the next step is to specify these considerations.
Here safety and sustainability conflict in the design of cars.
Philosophers of technology reflect broadly and work in the area and include interest on diverse topics of geoengineering, internet data and privacy, our understandings of internet cats, technological function and epistemology of technology, computer ethics, biotechnology and its implications, transcendence in space, and technological ethics more broadly.
Since these kinds are specified in terms of physical and geometrical parameters, they are much closer to the natural kinds of science, in that they support law-like regularities; see for a defense of this position Soavi Even if this point is granted, the value-ladenness of technology can be construed in a host of different ways.
Rather, technology is taken as a case study that might lead to new insights into a variety of philosophical questions by examining how technology affects human life.
A further discussion of this aspect belongs to the philosophy of art. On the other hand it is generally taken for granted that there are no regularities that all knives or airplanes or pistons answer to. They are what we today would call science or scientific knowledge epistemeart or craft knowledge techneprudence or practical knowledge phronesisintellect or intuitive apprehension nous and wisdom sophia.
First, there is the holistic approach that sees technology as one of the phenomena generally found in human societies on a par with phenomena such as art, war, politics, etc. While the Middle Ages thus can be characterized by an elevated appreciation of the mechanical arts, with the transition into the Renaissance thinking about technology gained new momentum due to the many technical advances that were being made.
But this does not mean that philosophers before the midth century did not address questions that would today be thought of as belonging in the domain of philosophy of technology. For Bacon, craftsmanship and technology played a threefold role in this context.
If there is uncertainty concerning he situations that will be realized by a particular action, then the problem is conceived as aiming for maximal expected value or utility. Theories of rational action generally conceive their problem situation as one involving a choice among various course of action open to the agent.
Bacon only finished the second part, the Novum Organum, in which he presented his new method for the investigation of nature.
Anthologies of classic texts in the field and encyclopedias of philosophy of technology have only very recently begun to appear e. Zur Entstehungsgeschichte der Cultur aus neuen Gesichtspunkten, Braunschweig: The ideas of Herbert Simon on bounded rationality see, e. The notion of malfunction also sharpens an ambiguity in the general reference to intentions when characterizing technical artifacts.If philosophy is the attempt “to understand how things in the broadest possible sense of the term hang together in the broadest possible sense of the term”, as Sellars () put it.
The Society for Philosophy and Technology is an independent international organization that encourages, supports and facilitates philosophically significant considerations of technology. Founded inthe Society convenes its own international conference biennially.
Read More. Philosophy of Technology. Like many domain-specific subfields of philosophy, such as philosophy of physics or philosophy of biology, philosophy of technology is a comparatively young field of investigation.
Addresses the expanding scope and unprecedented impact of technologies, in order to improve the critical understanding of the conceptual nature and practical consequences, and hence provide the conceptual foundations for their fruitful and sustainable developments.
The journal welcomes high-quality.
Philosophy & Technology addresses such challenges, in order to improve our critical understanding of the conceptual nature and practical consequences of technologies, and hence provide the conceptual foundations for their fruitful and sustainable developments.
If philosophy is the attempt “to understand how things in the broadest possible sense of the term hang together in the broadest possible sense of the term”, as Sellars () put it, philosophy should not ignore technology.Download