These are the characteristics which cannot be changed; at the most, these can be refined to some extent. Ability is the criterion used to determine what a person can do. Gender Research proves that men and women both stand equal in terms of job performance and mental abilities; however, society still emphasizes differences between the two genders.
Whether there is a correlation between body structure and behaviour or not has not been scientifically proven. Intelligent people are generally not adamant and stubborn, rather they are considered to be stable and predictable. Transaction costs economics implies costs components to make an exchange on the market.
Rather than looking at parts of the person, personality looks at some aggregate whole that is greater than the sum of the parts. Anyway, whether it is an inherited trait or acquired trait this factor affects the behaviour of the people. Some important dimensions used to ascertain intellectual ability are number aptitude, comprehension, perceptual speed and test of reasoning.
An attitude may be defined as the way a person feels about something, a person, a place, a thing, a situation or an idea.
Both managers and subordinates must recognize that perceptual differences exist and often are the reason for mutual dissatisfaction.
The reasons for high turnover can be that sometimes the females have to quit their jobs or change into part time jobs to look after the children and their homes.
These personal or individuals needs are like to gain power for control and to influence decision-making process of the organisation. Some people are born intelligent or in other words intelligent parents produce intelligent children. This would create a more comfortable corporate culture and would subdue behaviors that might be perceived as insensitive and offensive.
Interpretation of limited resources: How are the lines of communication established among different levels in the organisation. Though job satisfaction is very important, but what a person will get in money terms, is the major factor affecting the decision of a worker to stay in a particular organisation or shift to another one which will pay more wages.
These patterns of stimuli and response form a stable section of our cognitive processes, thus as the person ages, more and more responses get hard-wired. In organistions, individuals play politics as they have great desire and high need of gaining power.
Similarly certain ideas about the behaviour can be formed on the basis of whether the person is fat, tall or slim. Whereas, the employees, who work in the organisations, which are severely affected by economic cycles are subjected to layoffs and retrenchment.
Rational Vs Emotional Thinking Rational thinking is a response based on process of logical reasoning; it involves some form of mathematical or statistical knowledge where the process has implicit proof of its validity. Some of the factors which influence individual behaviour are noise level, heat, light, ventilation, cleanliness, nature of job, office furnishing, number of people working at a given place etc.
Organisation Structure and Design: These are the characteristics which cannot be changed; at the most, these can be refined to some extent. Work ethics achievement need, effort-reward expectations and values are important cultural factors having impact on the individual behaviour.
These personal or individuals needs are like to gain power for control and to influence decision-making process of the organisation. However, emotions have considerable influence on decision making and other cognitive processes even with existence of alternate rational reasons.
Is the department located in the headquarters building or nearby an important customer? The human behaviour is influenced to a large extent by the behaviour of the superiors or leaders.
Both stereotyping and selective perception can be beneficial only by chance since they are based on partial information. Affecting lower level persons: The framework mentioned says it is all about how an individual behaves in different situations. These are concerned with the way in which different departments in the organisation are set up.
Similarly, every individual has a cultural background, which shapes his values and beliefs. Sometimes, we tend to lose good relatives and friends because we change our perceptions about them.Factors contributing to Political Behavior Individual factors (e.g., personality traits, needs) Organizational factors (e.g., when organizational resources decline, resources change, low trust exists, high performance pressures, and the opportunity of promotion exists = political behavior is likely).
Individual behavior in organization. As an example, an individual who has worked in various organizations might develop an attitude of indifference towards organizational citizenship. The individual behavior and the factors influencing them forms the basis of the. individual and organizational factors that affect political behavior.
28 pages. individual and organizational factors that affect political behavior. uploaded by. deniz elber boru. individual and organizational factors that affect political behavior. Political scientists study the behavior of individuals and groups within a political environment.
They contribute to understanding the dynamics of power centers, structuring of conflict and conflict resolutions tactics, allocation of power and how people manipulate power for individual self-interest.
Factors influencing political behavior of individuals in the organization. The political behaviour of individuals in the organisation is influence by variety of factors. These factors can be broadly categorised into individual and organisational factors.
Individual Factors: There are individual factors where individuals play politics to. Political Factors Political environment of the country will affect the individual behaviour not directly, but through several other factors.
In a politically stable country there will be a steady level of employment (both in quantity and quality) and high level of capital investment.Download